The Impact Petroleum Exploitation at Local Income and Society (Study at Exploitation Petroleum By Petrochina In Countryside of Campurejo, District Of Bojonegoro, Sub-Province of Bojonegoro)*
This research was based on the effect of exploitation of natural resource at the local level, especially oil that is still limited and generally studied the other resources. Beginning from the wealth want to be achieved by the producer region, the hoped effect is the increase of local income and society socioeconomic in utilizing oil “equally-efficiently”.
This research focused on: What are the effects of the exploitation of oil on the realization of the local income of Kabupaten Bojonegoro from the local original income and sharing fund at the autonomy era?, What are the effects of the exploitation on the condition of the village, especially at village of Campurejo? This research used descriptive method by means of qualitative approach.
is purposed to give the real description about the relationship between oil exploitation and the public influence from the actual and orderly phenomena. Hence, the results of this research are hoped can be implemented to guide the role of the local government having lack knowledge in understanding the influence in term of contribution of the oil exploitation at the other regions on the local income, as well as on the socio-economic condition of the society around the mining location with the win-win solution.
It was concluded that there was positive influence of the oil exploitation namely the increase of local income and sharing fund. The growth of the real sector and local tax was increasing, so the condition contributed on the local pure income. The income obtained by the village Campurejo comes from sharing fund and CD fund from JOB PetroChina-Pertamina. The lack in coordination between PetroChina and the society around resulted in negative effect namely conflict between the two parties. The lack of knowledge in understanding and in management of the natural resource resulted in the lack in socialization in the producer society.
In the end, good coordination in term of continuous evaluation and monitoring by local government with society by means of LSM supported by clear relationship contract and herewith agreement is a good solution in this research. Beside that, Kabupaten Bojonegoro as the area producing oil behaved as the static leader, it is need more intensive consideration from the local government by means socialization and supplying of knowledge related with all about oil exploitation to the level government of kecamatan and producer village in the framework of local autonomy.
* Ditulis oleh dan telah mendapat izin dari: Sukma Prima Setyabekti, S.AP (Lulusan FIA Universitas Brawijaya, sekarang sedang menyelesaikan program Pascasarjana Ilmu Administrasi Negara di FISIPOL Universitas Gadjah Mada)